The fame of Córdoba penetrated even distant Germany: the Saxon nun Hroswitha, famous in the last half of the 10th century for her Latin poems and dramas, called it the Ornament of the World. —Reinhardt Dozy
In a city of Andalusia, southern Spain, lies the ruins of what was once an empire that held the seeds of gracious civilization. Today, imagine the broken architectural ruins that was once bustling with life. Like Jolo, in the southernmost tip of the Philippines where peoples of various faith once lived peacefully, intertwined by marriages and traditions, Cordoba once had Muslims, Jews and Christians living as neighbors without rancor. Caliphs had Jewish advisers and Christians as negotiators.
Moses Maimonides, famous Jewish philosopher, was born in Cordoba. He was a jurist and physician, and was also known by his Arabic name Abū ʿImran Mūsā ibn Maymūn ibn ʿUbayd Allāh. Maimonides Hospital in New York City was named after Moses Maimonides.
Albucasis, Arab Muslim physician and surgeon came from Cordoba. His contributions to surgical procedures and instruments are still applied to this day. Recognition of ectopic pregnancy and haemophilia groundwork started with Albucasis.
Before we started exploring Cordoba, on the recommendation of a native Spaniard, also revisiting Cordoba, we stopped at a small coffee shop to taste the hot chocolate and churro. The hot chocolate was excellent, so thick and creamy, you could stand a spoon in it and the churro was delightful.
The Medina az-Zahra, once known as the Versailles of the Middle Ages, (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medina_Azahara) is now only 10% of what it was at the height of its glory. Today, excavation which started in 1911 is still ongoing, and from the 10% that is on display now, one can just imagine the wonders to be unfolded when all is done. My second visit to this place, after more than two decades, still left me in awe at what men at peace can do with vast imagination and determination. The library of the caliphs is said to have had over four hundred thousand books. For now, it is just one of the Palaces of Memories. New orange trees now dot the landscape around the Medina, much like it used to be in the medieval ages.
The Mezquita Catedral de Cordoba, designed by a Syrian, boast grand hallways with roofs supported by pillars of beautiful stones in the hypostyle. Richly flowing arcades, honeycombed domes, colorful mosaics, calligraphy, doors, screens, bearing Moorish architectural influences leaves one in awe. My pictures are an attempt to add this stunning place to my own palace of memories, but certainly do not do this justice to the Mezquita.
After the reconquista, christians took over the Mezquita and moorish influences were embedded with christian ideology.
I could never tire visiting this place.